教会与国家和宗教自由

世界浸信会联盟标志

BWA Executive Committee Resolution 1937-06.3

(Page 8 – Background to the Resolution)

  1. Germany.
    Statements were made as to the position of Baptists in Germany, whose world (it was reported) had not been seriously disturbed; and discussion took place as to whether it was desirable to take action on the subject of repressive action towards other Christian bodies. The Committee considered it unwise to attempt to deal with matters concerning which it is not specifically informed; but resolved that a resolution of a general kind should be inserted in the minutes of this meeting reaffirming the historic position of Baptists as to Church and State and as to freedom of religious belief and practice. (See No. 20 following.)
  2. Church and State and Religious Freedom.
    This Committee feels it desirable to call special attention to the resolution adopted by the Fifth Congress of the Baptist World Alliance held at Berlin in August, 1934:—

"本会会员认为,教会是基督子民的公司,主按照他的应许亲自在他们中间,他以他的灵引导他们进入一切真理,并向他们说明神对他们的旨意。

"他们认为,对教会自由的任何干涉都是对上帝和他的子民之间的侵扰,限制教会的自由就是阻碍上帝通过他的子民为人类实现救赎的目的的工作。

"因此,他们否认国家干预宗教事务的权利,同样也否认任何教会与国家建立这种关系的权利,因为这种关系可能会损害其见证或限制其遵循基督启示给其成员的意愿的自由,他们认为任何国家建立宗教的制度都倾向于教会的世俗化而不是国家的精神化。

"教会是上帝指定的救赎世界的工具,任何对其自由的侵犯都会限制其完成这一任务的能力。

"本次大会的成员要求所有宗教团体在信仰和礼拜问题上享有充分的自由,并享有不受限制的权利来宣扬和教授启示给他们的真理。

"他们进一步宣布,他们深信上述原则有助于促进教会和国家的真正福利"。

The Committee declares the entire Baptist communion throughout the world to be resolutely opposed to religious repression of every kind, whether directed against Baptists or others, and it expresses the unwavering sympathy of all our people for the victims of persecution or repression, whether belonging to our own or any other communion.

关键词

BWA; Church and State; German Baptists; Germany; Religious Freedom.

引用

Original Source Bibliography: Baptist World Alliance: Minutes of Executive Committee Held at The Offices of the Alliance, London, on Tuesday, June 29th, 1937. London: Baptist World Alliance, 1937.

Original Source Footnote/Endnote: Baptist World Alliance: Minutes of Executive Committee Held at The Offices of the Alliance, London, on Tuesday, June 29th, 1937 (London: Baptist World Alliance, 1937), pp. 8, 10.

Online Document Full Citation: BWA Executive Committee Resolution 1937-06.3 Church and State and Religious Freedom; https://www.baptistworld.org/resolutions.

文中在线文档引用。 (BWA Executive Committee Resolution 1937-06.3).

有关浸信会世界联盟决议的更多信息,请访问 BaptistWorld.org/resolutions.

自1905年成立以来,世界浸信会联盟将全球浸信会大家庭联系起来,为基督影响世界,致力于加强敬拜、团契和团结;领导宣教和传福音;通过援助、救济和社区发展对有需要的人作出回应;捍卫宗教自由、人权和正义;并推动神学反思和领导力发展。

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